I will try to cover most of the introductory programming and command line needed to unlock the full potential of the Raspberry Pi in this section. I will start off with LX Terminal here and move on to Python here ; they are both similar ‘languages’ at first glance but Python is deemed to be a bit more powerful – it is the ‘Swiss Army Knife’ of programming. Unless you have had the fortune of having friendly geek to help you with the setup of your Pi to boot up in to desktop – you will have to do some command line first.
When you first boot up a Raspberry Pi you will be greeted with a ‘verbose boot’ screen like this:
The default (standard) login is (surprise , surprise) : pi
and the password is : raspberry
You now have the choice to continue working in Terminal (if you’re a code ninja) or you can start ‘x-windows’ or Desktop/GUI in layman’s terms. So to log in to desktop like this:
Update Sept 17; On all new distro’s of Raspbian you will find that your RaspberryPi boots directly into Desktop environment , this can be configured at any time in raspi-config.